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Kings Bay Y

Middle School (Grades 6-8)


Middle school level mathematics focuses on the modules Ratios and Proportional Relationships; the Number System; Expressions, Equations, and Inequalities; Geometry; Probability and Statistics; and Functions.

Students will be introduced to the concepts of operations involving ratios, rates, and proportional relationships.  The number system is expanded to include all rational numbers, including negative numbers.  These numbers are used to form, interpret, and perform operations involving expressions, linear equations, and inequalities.  Functions are utilized to describe quantitative relationships. This level of mathematics culminates in modeling an association in bivariate data using a linear equation and solving both linear equations and systems of linear equations.

Geometric study deepens the understanding of the area, surface area, and volume. Analysis of two- and three-dimensional space and figures are performed using distance, angle, similarity, and congruence.  The Statistics and Probability module develops an understanding of simple probabilities and statistical thinking and demonstrates how to draw inferences about populations based on samples.


In alignment with the NYS Learning Standards for English & Literacy, great emphasis is placed upon students’ development of

1)   Reading Comprehension: Thinking within the text, beyond the text, and about the text

  • Utilize varied samplings from literature, novels, and other textual sources to develop comprehension skills
  • Learn literary devices and gain an appreciation for literature using a wide variety of genres
  • Broaden usable vocabulary
  • Strengthen one’s writing by reading and analyzing reading passages

2)   The Writing Process: Conveying narrative information and crafting an argument

  • Emphasizes higher-level writing that is organized, meaningful, and cohesive
  • Vocabulary and spelling development are enriched through words taken from literature pieces as well as vocabulary books
  • Significant attention is placed on proper grammar usage

3)   Language: Listening and Speaking skills

  • Pose and respond to specific questions to clarify information make comments that contribute to the discussion and link to the remarks of others

Social Studies

Grade 6 explores the history and geography of the ancient world, mostly located in the Eastern Hemisphere.  Various civilizations, empires, and city-states are studied from the four perspectives of history, geography, economics, and government. Emphasis is placed on how geography shapes the political and cultural development of different societies.

Grade 7 studies United States history from pre-Columbian time through the period of Reconstruction.

Key Topics:

  • The Americas before European Arrival
  • The Colonial Era and The French and Indian War
  • The American Revolution and the establishment of the U.S. government
  • The expansion and development of the United States
  • The Mexican-American War
  • Sectionalism, The Civil War, and Reconstruction

Grade 8 continues the chronological study of U.S. History from the post-Reconstruction Era through the modern-day.

Key Topics:

  • Industrialization, the Gilded Age, and The Progressive Era
  • World War I
  • The Great Depression and The New Deal
  • World War 2
  • The Cold War
  • The Civil Rights Movement


Students will use mathematical analysis, scientific inquiry, and engineering design to pose questions, make predictions, observe experiments and draw conclusions.  The science curriculum involves Physical Science in 6th grade, Life Science in 7th grade, and Earth Science in 8th grade.

Collectively, these courses cover:

Physical Science

Exploration of topics including natural disasters, the structure of the universe, geology (weathering, erosion, deposition, and plate tectonics), and meteorology

Research projects, data analysis, and interpretation of observations

The metric system and measuring tools

Life Science

Characteristics of the kingdoms of life, microscopes and cells, simple organisms, plants, animals, similarity and diversity of life, and ecology

Human biology, genetics, animal behavior, and adaptation, and evolution

Earth Science

Properties of matter, basic chemistry, forces, work, simple machines, motion, nuclear energy, electricity, heat energy, mixtures and solutions, electromagnetism, mechanics, alternate energy resources, astronomy, meteorology, oceanography, and geology

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