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Kings Bay Y

Elementary K-5


Elementary level mathematics focuses on the modules Counting and Cardinality, Algebraic Thinking and Operations in Base Ten, Geometry, Measurement and Data, and Number Sense.

Students will develop a sound sense of numbers from counting numbers up through rational numbers.  Single and multi-digit whole numbers, decimals, and fractions will be used to perform addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division operations. Efficient problem-solving strategies will be employed to simplify expressions and solve equations.

Geometric fluency will be fostered through an understanding of linear measurement, spatial relations, 2D and 3D shape analysis, angle measure, parallel and perpendicular lines, symmetry, area, and volume.


Reading Comprehension involves thinking within the text, beyond the text, and about the text.  Students will broaden their vocabularies, learn to ask and answer questions about a story, identify the main idea, understand the author’s point of view, and refer to the text as the basis for answering questions.

The Language component encompasses speaking and listening.  Students are encouraged to participate in conversations, respond to comments using complete sentences, pose and respond to specific questions to clarify information and make comments that contribute to the discussion and link to the remarks of others.  The main goal is to teach students how to effectively express their thoughts, feelings, and ideas.

The Writing process seeks to demonstrate how to convey narrative information and craft an argument.  Proper sentence and paragraph structure, genre determination, main idea clarification, topic selection, and editing strategies are highlighted. The individual writing style is fostered as students learn to write with a purpose and for an audience.

Social Studies

Elementary social studies build on the students’ understanding of families, schools, and communities and highlight the political institutions and historic development of their local communities with connections to New York State and the United States.

Students learn about significant people, historic events, geography, economics, civics, and government with a focus on:

  • Civic Responsibilities and Rules
  • Communities: Urban, Suburban, Rural
  • Economic Systems: Goods and Services, Needs vs. Wants, Human vs. Natural Resources
  • Explorers, Early Peoples of America, and Comparative Cultures
  • Freedom and Change
  • Geographic Features and Regions
  • Governmental Branches and Levels
  • Heroic Figures
  • Industrialization
  • Maps, Map Tools, and Globes

Students are taught to ask questions to obtain information, make observations to construct evidence-based accounts, construct an argument using evidence, and make a claim about the merit of a solution to a problem.


Students will use mathematical analysis, scientific inquiry, and engineering design to pose questions, make predictions, observe experiments and draw conclusions.  The science curriculum is broken up into three components: Life Science, Physical Science, and Earth and Space Science.

Collectively, these units cover:

  • Earth’s Systems: Processes that Shape the Earth
  • Forces and Interactions: Pushes and Pulls
  • Health and Nutrition
  • Inheritance and Variation of Traits: Life Cycles and Characteristics
  • Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems: Animals, Plants, and Their Environment
  • Matter and Energy in Organisms and Ecosystems
  • Space Systems: Stars and the Solar System
  • Structure and Properties of Matter
  • Structure, Function, and Information Processing
  • Waves: Light and Sound
  • Weather and Climate

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